The general problems’ with the records
are as follows:-
I will now deal with each Census in detail.
There was a different
enumerator for Upper & Lower Froyle. This gives a lack
on consistency in each Census. It does, however, mean that
we are not necessarily plagued with bad
handwriting for ALL the records in any one year!
Each enumerator took a different route
through the villages. This makes it difficult to identify who lived
People’s names, ages and place of birth
change from Census to Census! The cause for this is mainly the level
of literacy, not only in the villagers, but in the Census Enumerators.
Names to watch here are the Beckhursts (Backus, Beckus etc.) and the
Upfulls (Upfield, Huffield, Hutfield etc.)
Handwriting is difficult to read, and the
original microfilms of the actual records are not always as good as
could be expected.
Please remember that every Census is a snapshot
of the village on one night in a 10 year span. If people were away from
home they were not recorded.
- 1841 This
Census was conducted for the night of 6th/7th June. For the first
time the names of inhabitants were recorded (previous Censuses from
1801 recorded only numbers). For children up to the age of 14 exact
ages were recorded but those for older people were given in five year
bands, indicated by the lowest age in that band; someone aged 23 would
be recorded as being 20. Place of birth was only recorded as being
in the County (of Hampshire), or Foreign parts - we have ignored this
in our transcription. Where they were able householders filled out
their own forms.
- 1851 The
Census was taken on the night of 30th/31st March and the exact age,
relationship to the family head and precise place of birth (if in
England) is recorded.
- 1861 This
year is more difficult to follow as the schedule numbers do not refer
to households. They seem to refer to families, so that several schedules
may apply to one house - a lodger, for example, will have his own
schedule! The Census was conducted on the night of 7th/8th April.
The enumerator took a very ragged course through Upper Froyle and
we have not got to grips fully with the houses.
- 1871 The
Census was conducted on the night of 2nd/3rd April, with the same
information being recorded as ten years earlier in 1861.
- 1881 The
Census was conducted on the night of 3rd/4th April, with the same
information being recorded as ten years earlier in 1871. At last we
have good information on the house names, which also helps to fill
in earlier years.
- 1891 This
Census has more information
about houses and occupants. It also records
if people were living in 4 rooms or less.
- 1901 This
Census, conducted on 31st March 1901, was out of logical order
in it's original
form,, with Lower Froyle followed by Upper Froyle by Lower
Froyle. I have put the relevant
bits together so that you can, hopefully, follow them. Once
house names are sadly lacking, but we are working on it! In fact,
quite a lot falls in place and you will see that names we have
that aren’t in the original have a ? after them. Oh, the handwriting
leaves a lot to be desired as well.